Music Frameworks

We were required to analyse 4 songs for their music frameworks using Variations Audio Timeliner, which is software used for bubble graph creation whilst analysing pieces of music. This was an interesting task, considering I have had very little to no solid training in music theory at this stage. However, I was able to work out the key of each song, and describe the songs in reasonable detail, section by section. Posted below are the results from each song’s analysis.

WRONG SIDE OF THE TRACKS

I have described this track I created myself in my previous blog on post-production.

WrongSideOfTracksAnalysis

 

 

 

 

 

Whole Song Song has an industrial, ‘steel’ feel with heavy drums and bassline. Vocal samples add an extra dramatic effect already provided by train samples. (0:00.0)

Intro This is a train sample It pans from left to right with a long pneumatic blowoff leading into the verse. There is a slight delay on the right channel. (0:00.0)
▲ (0:00.4)
▲ (0:01.1)
IntroToOutro The Beat is drum-driven The Kick contains a mixture of Sampled and live drums A tom sound is made of the thumping of a train window and mostly falls on the kicks. The snare contains a mixture of live and sampled sounds including the pneumatic blowoff of a train The hat falls on every 1/4 note (0:09.8)
Verse The verse is in C# There is a crash cymbal combined with a pneumatic train sound at the start of the 1st and 3rd bar in every 4 bars. The bass is predominantly staccato with a legato note falling on 4th beats of the 1st and 3rd bars (0:09.8)
Main The Train Horn occurs on the start of the 1st and 3rd bars, and on the 3rd and 4th beat of the 3rd bar Main sample contains piano played in a scale style on the 1/8 notes, and an electric guitar chord that falls on the start of the 1st and 3rd bars. Staccato Vocal stab at the end of the 2nd & 4th bars (0:09.8)
Main The Train Horn occurs on the start of the 1st and 3rd bars, and on the 3rd and 4th beat of the 3rd bar Main sample contains piano played in a scale style on the 1/8 notes, and an electric guitar chord that falls on the start of the 1st and 3rd bars. Staccato Vocal stab at the end of the 2nd & 4th bars (0:23.1)
Main 2 Slight variation of ‘Main’ but it contains slightly staggered repeat of vocal stab at the end of the 2nd bar. (0:35.8)
Main 3 Another slight variation of Main and Main 2, with an extended vocal sample starting at the end of the 2nd bar going into the 3rd bar. (0:48.8)
Main 4 Another variation of the Main section, with a pneumatic blowoff/release resempling a hat lift on the 3rd beat of the 1st and 3rd bar, and a tamborine-like sound on the 1st beat of the 4th bar. At the 4th beat of the 4th bar is a slight delay on the hat. (1:01.5)
Chorus Chorus is in E Train Horns occur on the 1st and 3rd beat of every bar A quiet electric guitar chord occurs on the 3rd and 4th beat of the 1st, 2nd & 4th bars. The crash/train sound occurs at the start of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd bars. (1:14.7)
Bridge Long vocal sample at the start of the 1st bar. Vocal sample sentence that starts before the end of the 2nd and 4th bars, the 2nd one carrying on into the beginning of the Main 5 section and having a slightly different EQ to other occasions of the longer vocal sample in sentence form. Drums cut out except for some hats and some kicks and snares that hit mostly on up-beats, until a drum roll beginning at the start of the 4th bar. (1:27.7)
Verse 2 Slight variation of Verse section with different Vocal sample at very start. See Main and Main 5. (1:38.9)
Main 5 Slight variation to Main section but has unique long vocal sample carrying on into the start of it. (1:38.9)
Main The Train Horn occurs on the start of the 1st and 3rd bars, and on the 3rd and 4th beat of the 3rd bar Main sample contains piano played in a scale style on the 1/8 notes, and an electric guitar chord that falls on the start of the 1st and 3rd bars. Staccato Vocal stab at the end of the 2nd & 4th bars (1:53.7)
Main 2 Slight variation of ‘Main’ but it contains slightly staggered repeat of vocal stab at the end of the 2nd bar. (2:06.6)
Main 3 Another slight variation of Main and Main 2, with an extended vocal sample starting at the end of the 2nd bar going into the 3rd bar. (2:19.6)
Main 4 Another variation of the Main section, with a pneumatic blowoff/release resempling a hat lift on the 3rd beat of the 1st and 3rd bar, and a tamborine-like sound on the 1st beat of the 4th bar. At the 4th beat of the 4th bar is a slight delay on the hat. (2:32.5)
Chorus 2 Slight Variation of the Chorus section but with a repetition of the vocal sample just before the start of the 4th bar. (2:45.2)
Outro Main sample plays right through for outro panning left to right with some quiet background train horns and pneumatic blowoff. (2:58.5)

 

GNARLS BARKLEY: CRAZY

This is a well-known pop/soul/disco song, and is very catchy and quite simply structured.

GnarlsBarkleyCrazyAnalysis

 

 

 

 

Air Nothing. (0:00.0)

Whole Song Feeling of Elation Soul lyrics Crisp Drums, possibly live mixed with samples. Kicks on 1st & 3rd beats, Snares on 2nd & 4th beats, hats directly in-between. Disco/Soul feel to the beat Could hear disco artist like Jamiroquai covering song or delivering same feel. (0:02.4)

Intro 1 bar Intro Snare & Bass on the 1/4 notes. (0:02.4)
Verse1 F# for 2 bars lifting to a G Bright Bass following Key (0:04.6)
Main1 long soft backing vocals for 3rd & 4th bar following the key (0:04.6)
Main2 Slight variation of main1, only vocalist adlibs for 4th bar. (0:13.2)
Main1 F# for 2 bars lifting to a G Bright Bass following Key long soft backing vocals for 3rd & 4th bar following the key (0:21.8)
Main3 Slight variation of Main 2, only the chorus vocals start at 3rd beat of 2nd bar. (0:30.3)
(0:30.4)
Chorus G for 2 bars, then F# for 2 bars (repeat) Long smooth strings following key but not exact notes. Backing vocals doing the opposite to general key with slight step down and up between key change. Soulful lyrics become more ‘wailing’. (0:38.7)
Verse2 Slight variation of Verse1 but different 1st 4 bars (Main1/Main4) (0:56.1)
Main4 Slight Variation of Main 1, but bass has extra step in rhythm, and backing vocals start from 1st bar. (0:56.1)
Main2 Slight variation of main1, only vocalist adlibs for 4th bar. (1:04.8)
Main1 F# for 2 bars lifting to a G Bright Bass following Key long soft backing vocals for 3rd & 4th bar following the key (1:13.3)
Main3 Slight variation of Main 2, only the chorus vocals start at 3rd beat of 2nd bar. (1:21.8)
Chorus2 Slight variation of Chorus but very slightly varied lyrics. Musically the same. (1:30.3)
Verse2 Slight variation of Verse1 but different 1st 4 bars (Main1/Main4) (1:47.7)
Main4 Slight Variation of Main 1, but bass has extra step in rhythm, and backing vocals start from 1st bar. (1:47.7)
Main2 Slight variation of main1, only vocalist adlibs for 4th bar. (1:56.3)
Main1 F# for 2 bars lifting to a G Bright Bass following Key long soft backing vocals for 3rd & 4th bar following the key (2:04.8)
Main3 Slight variation of Main 2, only the chorus vocals start at 3rd beat of 2nd bar. (2:13.3)
Chorus3 Slight variation to Chorus and Chorus2, just very slight variation on lyrics again. (2:22.0)
Main5 Slight variation to Main4 just with adlib vocals over it (2:39.1)
Main6 Slight variation to Main2, but with adlib vocals over it and backing vocals throughout. (2:47.6)
one bass note plus adlib vocal trailout and backing vocal trailout. (2:56.2)

Air Nothing (3:00.3)

 

PANTERA: WALK

This is a hard-hitting metal track from the 90’s which is still one of the greatest tracks from one of the greatest ever metal bands.

PanteraWalkAnalysis

 

 

 

 

Whole Song Song of Power. Telling you to walk away if you ‘got issues’. Key: D Minor Drums: Kick mostly on the 1st and 3rd beat of each bar other than just before the 4th beat of each bar. Hat on 1/4 Notes. Snare on 2nd & 4th beat of each bar. (0:00.0)

Intro1 Guitar Riff solo Drums buildup with toms ending in snare at end of 4 bars. Bass builds up with drums. (0:00.0)
Intro2 Verse guitar and bass riff. Drum Roll at 3rd beat of 2nd bar. (0:09.2)
ChorusRiff Intro Chorus Guitar and Bass Riff. Roll of Drums, Bass & Guitar for 4th bar and 7th & 8th bar. (0:17.5)
Vox1 Phil Anselmo Vocals plus Chorus crowd vox. (0:35.9)
Verse1 Usual drum beat, crash at end of 4th bar. Crash n drum roll for 8th bar. (0:35.9)
Bridge Extra kicks, plus staggered kicks with gaps in hats and both guitar and bass. Drum roll from 3rd beat in 2nd bar to end of 2nd bar. Staggered Roll from 3rd beat of 6th bar. Long Drum Roll for 11th & 12 Bars. Wailing lyrics with gaps to suit gaps in music. Extra vocal layers from 8th to 12th bar. (0:52.9)
Chorus 9 bar chorus. Normal Chorus riff for 8 bars with Crowd Vocals ‘Re…. Spect…. Walk!’ plus chorus outro for 1 bar ‘Are you talkin to me? Are you talkin to me??!!’ Same music as ChorusRiff section. (1:16.6)
Interval Slight variation to Intro2 section with less of a drum roll at 3rd beat of 2nd bar. (1:34.8)
Vox2 Slight variation of Vox1 with extended chorus (1:43.2)
Verse2 Slight variation of Verse1 section, with different lyrics, and slightly different drum roll at 8th bar. (1:43.2)
Bridge Extra kicks, plus staggered kicks with gaps in hats and both guitar and bass. Drum roll from 3rd beat in 2nd bar to end of 2nd bar. Staggered Roll from 3rd beat of 6th bar. Long Drum Roll for 11th & 12 Bars. Wailing lyrics with gaps to suit gaps in music. Extra vocal layers from 8th to 12th bar. (2:00.1)
Chorus2 18 bar chorus. Similar to Chorus Section but twice as long. 1st 8 bars from first chorus doubled (16 bars), plus 2 bars chorus outro. (2:23.6)
Guitar Solo Guitar Solo with effects pedal to give ‘wailing’ trademark sound of Dimebag Darrell. (3:01.7)
Solo1 Normal verse drums and bass riff. Drum rolls at 3rd beat of 2nd bar to end of 2nd bar, 3rd beat of 4th bar, 3rd beat of 6th bar, and 3rd beat of 8th bar. Wailing solo electric guitar. (3:01.7)
Solo2 Guitar solo into chords and staggered notes, going into slides at 2nd beat of 3rd bar. Staggered drum and bass roll at 3rd beat of 2nd bar. Drum roll at 3rd beat of 4th bar. (3:17.5)
Solo3 Scale style guitar solo followed by wailing legato note bend at 3rd beat of 2nd and 4th bars. Bass and drums as in Solo2, except drum roll from beginning of 4th bar. (3:25.4)
SoloOut Guitar solo wails out to cymbal count on 1/4 notes (3:33.2)
Intro1 Guitar Riff solo Drums buildup with toms ending in snare at end of 4 bars. Bass builds up with drums. (3:35.3)
Chorus2 18 bar chorus. Similar to Chorus Section but twice as long. 1st 8 bars from first chorus doubled (16 bars), plus 2 bars chorus outro. (3:43.3)
Outro Change of guitar and bass riff. (4:17.5)
Outro1 Kick and Toms hitting at 1/8 notes except in snare spots for 8 bars with ‘half’ guitar and bass outro riff. Cymbals, hats and drum rolls after 8th bar for 8 more bars. (4:17.5)
Outro2 continuation of 2nd half of outro 1 with extra layer of electric guitar, extra drum rolls and wailing solo guitar in background from start of 6th bar to end. (4:43.6)

 

JOHNNY CASH ft. WILLIE NELSON, KRIS KRISTOFFERSON & WAYLON JENNNINGS – HIGHWAYMAN

This is a classic song from country/folk supergroup ‘The Highwaymen’ made up of Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson, Kris Kristofferson & Waylon Jennings. I originally chose this song because I have always loved listening to it and thought it was a simple but beautifully haunting piece of music. Hence I thought it would be an easy piece to analyze for this assignment. Upon closer analysis, I realised I couldn’t have been more wrong. The amazing complexity of this song and its composition is mindblowing, and I now have an even greater appreciation for one of my all-time favourite country/folk songs.

JohnnyCashHighwaymanAnalysis

 

 

 

 

Whole Song Key: D 4 Guitars – Acoustic Flamenco, Acoustic Rhythm, Electric Lead, Electric Rhythm Haunting song, chilling vibe, greatness…. (0:00.0)

Intro Effects on acoustic guitar (flamenco) for intro with backing strings (0:00.0)
Vox1 Higher more nasal vocal tone (Willie Nelson) (0:10.0)
Main1 Rapid acoustic flamenco strings building in bars 4-8 Synthesiser backing building in bars 4-8 Bass note at start of each bar. Rimshot snare Hats in triplets starting on 2nd beat of each bar (0:10.0)
Main2 Slight variation to Main1, with extra lead guitar in bars 4-8. (0:21.7)
Main3 bass picks up for bars 1-4, drops back down for bars 5-8. Vocals follow. legato lead guitar note at start of bar 1 effect percussive flamenco guitar (flamenco with phaser pedal) from intro beginning of bar 5 (0:33.5)
Vox2 Lower vocal tone than Vox1 – Kris Kristofferson (0:45.4)
Main4 kick picks up, rimshot changes to snare flute added overdubbed percussive phaser flamenco guitar landing on beats 1 & 3 each bar Strings & synth pick up for last 2 beats of 8th bar Vocal voice drops (0:45.4)
Main5 Bass Drops down. Lyrics drop as well. Strings & Synth Carry on from Main4 Drums from Main4 (0:57.5)
Main6 Slight variation of Main3 with guitars, Drums from Main4. Bass Picks back up for bars 1-4. Synth & Strings from Main4 & 5. Lyrics pick up with bass. (1:09.6)
Vox3 Slightly higher vocal tone than Vox2 – Waylon Jennings (1:21.4)
Main7 Variation of Main4, without flute, and lead guitar licks come in at Bar 5. (1:21.4)
Main8 Similar to Main5 with deeper Vox Lead guitar chords until bar 5, solo licks from bar 5. (1:33.1)
Main9 Variation of Main6 with less synth and lead guitar instead. Percussive flamenco with phaser from bar 5. Drops for last 2 Bars with lead into bridge Rapid flamenco picks up at bar 8. (1:45.2)
Bridge Melody continues to drop from end of Main9 Flamenco rises at bar 5 with lead guitar licks. Lead guitar lick at bar 3. Extra backup layers of vox. (1:57.1)
Vox4 Mid Vocal Tone, more raspy – Johnny Cash (2:08.8)
DropOut Drums cut out Synth picks up at bar 2. Percussive acoustic flamenco with phaser. Lead Guitar licks on bar 8. (2:08.8)
Main10 Melody similar to Main5. Back to rimshot snare and associated drums. Synths up. Lead guitar lick at bar 3 and more at bar 7 (2:20.5)
Main11 Similar to Main9, but lyrics rise after bar 1. Snare replaces rimshot at bar5. Lead guitar rises at bar 6. (2:32.3)
Bridge2 Variation of Bridge, with different lyrics sung in same melody and amount of backup layers of vox. Guitar lick at bar 6. Flamenco rises in the left at bar 5-6. Synth picks up at bar 6. Cymbal hit at end of bar 8. (2:44.1)
Outro Cymbal, Guitar & Synth trail out…. (2:55.7)

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